© 2019 Copyright by P. K. H. Groth, Denver, Colorado, USA All rights reserved - See contact page
Hunter Sleep Problems
Human   and   Animal   Sleep   Rhythms,   and
Alertness:
Hunters   should   adjust   their   internal   awake
fullness    clock    to    maximum    success.    The
human     body     begins     to     enter     sleep     in
response   to   increased   melatonin,   which   is
released   by   the   hypothalamus   gland,   which
is    governed    by    decreasing    sunlight.    In    a
natural   world   life,   circadian   rhythms   would
be    controlled    by    sun    light.    However,    we
human   have   altered   our   rhythms   through
use   of   artificial   light.   We   stay   up   later   and
arise   earlier.   More   importantly   for   hunters,
people    whose    circadian    sleep    cycles    are    controlled    by    artificial    light    do    not    see
melatonin   blood   levels   recede   to   daytime   levels   until   for   an   hour   or   so.   That   means
these hunters are still mentally awakening and not at full cognitive capacity.
So   what   happens   when   hunters   go   afield   and   have   to   adjust   to   natural   sleep   patterns?
Dr.   Kenneth   P.   Wright   is   Director   of   the   Sleep   and   Chronobiology   Laboratory,   University
of   Colorado.   He   made   a   study   of   eight   healthy   (biologically   normal)   adults   who   wore
electronic   “activigraph”   monitors   for   a   week.   Then   the   group   went   camping   for   a   week.
Absolutely    no    artificial    light    was    allowed    while    camping.    There    was    just    sunlight,
moonlight   and   stars.   The   study   found   that   with   as   short   a   time   as   a   week,   the   campers
had    adjusted    their    biologic    melatonin    release    sleep/awake    cycles    to    nearly    perfect
synchronization with sunset.
The   importance   to   hunters   is   that   the   decrease   in   melatonin   occurred   an   hour   earlier   in
the   morning.   (See   Book   recorded   example   of   a   heartbeat   morning   slow   increase.)   Isn’t
that    when    hunters    should    go    afield    totally    alert    to    encounter    AND    BE    TOTALLY
COGNIZANT of all forest conditions?
Now    consider    that    nocturnal    animals    wake    up    with    the    sunset    and    increasing
melatonin.   The   game   slowly   enters   activity   periods.   Hunters   should   do   their   utmost   to
keep   vigilant   during   dusk.   Conversely,   heavily   overcast   days   will   cause   animals   to   arise
from   day   beds   earlier,   so   get   to   your   stand   and   well   settled   earlier   in   the   afternoon   than
normal . Dreams of Suffocation and Hallucinations: Be prepared for some different sleep effects. Many people have vivid dreams or feelings of being gagged or suffocated. Hallucinations may occur between the sleep to wakefulness transition. You may experience Cheyne Stokes Syndrome (periodic breathing rate changes) at higher altitudes. This is a form of sleep apnea. A person takes several deep breaths followed by shallow breathing. Typically, there may be 5-15 seconds of no breathing. During the shallow/no-breathing phase, the body’s oxygen level drops. The pituitary gland and heart electrical nodes send signals to increase oxygen, resulting in a deep, fast lung breathing reaction. The low oxygen level induces sleep arousals. You therefore will not get enough long-period deep sleep (REM). Mornings will find you “groggy” and tired. Practice deep breathing when you awaken at night or during the day. It quickly lowers the blood carbon dioxide level and increases blood oxygen concentration. Sleep Warning: Never go to higher altitudes in the wilderness to sleep if you are already experiencing any kind of altitude sickness. Wait to see if you acclimate, or the condition gets worse and you must leave. Please see the webpage sections on adjusting to high altitudes and the effects of poor sleep on hunting success. Hunters May be Affected by the Moon (But may not Realize It): Do you think you are always truly attentive? Notice the full moon in the photograph? Elk and deer (and probably all animals) behave differently during fall full moon periods. More importantly, there is evidence that humans (that includes hunters) are similarly genetically wired to abnormal activity during full moons. It seems epigenes developed thousand of years ago on our genomes during Fall end-of-harvest full moon celebrations. There were some heck of wild celebrations to mark the end of harvesting and the oncoming winter. Our bodies still genetically respond to those ancient times. During fall full moons we get less total sleep, and the sleep we do get is not as deep nor refreshing. Recent sleep study science disclose that after many centuries, we humans are still “sleeping off” a time- distant party. Nocturnal Cramps - Hydration, New Physical Movements and Age: Cramps may be a nuisance to hunters who do not keep hydrated and intake enough (but not too much) liquids with mineral electrolytes. Cramps occur because of unusual over exertion that build up lactic acid in muscles, over-stretching muscles during exercise, nutritional imbalance, low muscle-need minerals, dehydration from sweating or taking some medications (like diuretics or statins), long term physical inactions (including sitting), illness caused by a circulation problem, diabetes, or hypothyroidism, and (you can guess it) old age. [70% of people over 50 experience nocturnal cramps.] Getting one or more leg cramps in elk camp is a harbinger of hunting problems the next day. Try these remedies: extend your limb as soon as the cramp occurs and massage the affected muscle. You need to increase body circulation to decrease the lactic acid in your muscle. Stand and carefully walk, especially on your tip toes. For severe cramps, initially apply heat followed by cold when the spasm subsides. You must maintain uniform uptake of these minerals for proper muscle function with increased exercise, such as hunting. Sodium 1,500 mg, magnesium 420mg/men and 320mg/women, potassium (4,700mg) and calcium (1,00mg). Take a daily vitamin supplement, and adjust your food to include potassium- rich bananas and cantaloupe. Stretch your muscles mornings and before bedtime. Sleep on your side if possible, to relieve muscle tension and increase blood flow. If somehow you get a cramp while walking, keep carefully walking to maintain maximum blood flow and elimination of lactic acid. Degenerative disk disease is the normal deterioration of spinal disks with age. Little blood is circulated near the disc, so any injuries have a difficult time regenerating. The best advice is not to do spontaneous do things that strain and injure the discs. A first indication of back problems is “funny” feeling in your thighs and legs. That indicates a pinched sciatic nerve and elementary disk damage. [Please cruise the section in “Hunter Health and Welfare” on how to protect your back from short and long-term injury.]
© 2016 -2017 Copyright by P. K. H. Groth, Denver, Colorado, USA All rights reserved - See contact page.
Hunter Sleep Problems
Human    and    Animal    Sleep    Rhythms,    and
Alertness:
Hunters    should    adjust    their    internal    awake
fullness     clock     to     maximum     success.     The
human     body     begins     to     enter     sleep     in
response    to    increased    melatonin,    which    is
released   by   the   hypothalamus   gland,   which   is
governed   by   decreasing   sunlight.   In   a   natural
world     life,     circadian     rhythms     would     be
controlled   by   sun   light.   However,   we   human
have    altered    our    rhythms    through    use    of
artificial    light.    We    stay    up    later    and    arise
earlier.   More   importantly   for   hunters,   people
whose   circadian   sleep   cycles   are   controlled
by   artificial   light   do   not   see   melatonin   blood
levels   recede   to   daytime   levels   until   for   an
hour   or   so.   That   means   these   hunters   are   still
mentally   awakening   and   not   at   full   cognitive
capacity.
So   what   happens   when   hunters   go   afield   and
have   to   adjust   to   natural   sleep   patterns?   Dr.
Kenneth   P.   Wright   is   Director   of   the   Sleep   and
Chronobiology      Laboratory,      University      of
Colorado.   He   made   a   study   of   eight   healthy
(biologically      normal)      adults      who      wore
electronic   “activigraph”   monitors   for   a   week.
Then    the    group    went    camping    for    a    week.
Absolutely     no     artificial     light     was     allowed
while     camping.     There     was     just     sunlight,
moonlight    and    stars.    The    study    found    that
with   as   short   a   time   as   a   week,   the   campers
had   adjusted   their   biologic   melatonin   release
sleep/awake       cycles       to       nearly       perfect
synchronization with sunset.
The     importance     to     hunters     is     that     the
decrease    in    melatonin    occurred    an    hour
earlier   in   the   morning.   (See   Book   recorded
example     of     a     heartbeat     morning     slow
increase.)   Isn’t   that   when   hunters   should   go
afield    totally    alert    to    encounter    AND    BE
TOTALLY COGNIZANT of all forest conditions?
Now    consider    that    nocturnal    animals    wake
up   with   the   sunset   and   increasing   melatonin.
The     game     slowly     enters     activity     periods.
Hunters    should    do    their    utmost    to    keep
vigilant     during     dusk.     Conversely,     heavily
overcast   days   will   cause   animals   to   arise   from
day   beds   earlier,   so   get   to   your   stand   and
well    settled    earlier    in    the    afternoon    than
normal . Dreams of Suffocation and Hallucinations: Be prepared for some different sleep effects. Many people have vivid dreams or feelings of being gagged or suffocated. Hallucinations may occur between the sleep to wakefulness transition. You may experience Cheyne Stokes Syndrome (periodic breathing rate changes) at higher altitudes. This is a form of sleep apnea. A person takes several deep breaths followed by shallow breathing. Typically, there may be 5-15 seconds of no breathing. During the shallow/no-breathing phase, the body’s oxygen level drops. The pituitary gland and heart electrical nodes send signals to increase oxygen, resulting in a deep, fast lung breathing reaction. The low oxygen level induces sleep arousals. You therefore will not get enough long-period deep sleep (REM). Mornings will find you “groggy” and tired. Practice deep breathing when you awaken at night or during the day. It quickly lowers the blood carbon dioxide level and increases blood oxygen concentration. Sleep Warning: Never go to higher altitudes in the wilderness to sleep if you are already experiencing any kind of altitude sickness. Wait to see if you acclimate, or the condition gets worse and you must leave. Please see the webpage sections on adjusting to high altitudes and the effects of poor sleep on hunting success. Hunters May be Affected by the Moon (But may not Realize It): Do you think you are always truly attentive? Notice the full moon in the photograph? Elk and deer (and probably all animals) behave differently during fall full moon periods. More importantly, there is evidence that humans (that includes hunters) are similarly genetically wired to abnormal activity during full moons. It seems epigenes developed thousand of years ago on our genomes during Fall end-of-harvest full moon celebrations. There were some heck of wild celebrations to mark the end of harvesting and the oncoming winter. Our bodies still genetically respond to those ancient times. During fall full moons we get less total sleep, and the sleep we do get is not as deep nor refreshing. Recent sleep study science disclose that after many centuries, we humans are still “sleeping off” a time-distant party. Nocturnal Cramps - Hydration, New Physical Movements and Age: Cramps may be a nuisance to hunters who do not keep hydrated and intake enough (but not too much) liquids with mineral electrolytes. Cramps occur because of unusual over exertion that build up lactic acid in muscles, over-stretching muscles during exercise, nutritional imbalance, low muscle-need minerals, dehydration from sweating or taking some medications (like diuretics or statins), long term physical inactions (including sitting), illness caused by a circulation problem, diabetes, or hypothyroidism, and (you can guess it) old age. [70% of people over 50 experience nocturnal cramps.] Getting one or more leg cramps in elk camp is a harbinger of hunting problems the next day. Try these remedies: extend your limb as soon as the cramp occurs and massage the affected muscle. You need to increase body circulation to decrease the lactic acid in your muscle. Stand and carefully walk, especially on your tip toes. For severe cramps, initially apply heat followed by cold when the spasm subsides. You must maintain uniform uptake of these minerals for proper muscle function with increased exercise, such as hunting. Sodium 1,500 mg, magnesium 420mg/men and 320mg/women, potassium (4,700mg) and calcium (1,00mg). Take a daily vitamin supplement, and adjust your food to include potassium- rich bananas and cantaloupe. Stretch your muscles mornings and before bedtime. Sleep on your side if possible, to relieve muscle tension and increase blood flow. If somehow you get a cramp while walking, keep carefully walking to maintain maximum blood flow and elimination of lactic acid. Degenerative disk disease is the normal deterioration of spinal disks with age. Little blood is circulated near the disc, so any injuries have a difficult time regenerating. The best advice is not to do spontaneous do things that strain and injure the discs. A first indication of back problems is “funny” feeling in your thighs and legs. That indicates a pinched sciatic nerve and elementary disk damage. [Please cruise the section in “Hunter Health and Welfare” on how to protect your back from short and long-term injury.]
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